A great example of an older Eskimo Western Arctic arrowhead, this one is artfully formed from caribou antler, with a single elongate barb. The pile is 8 3/4” long (22.2. cm) with a conical tenon for fitting into the arrow shaft. The pile is triangular in cross section at the base and flattens with two sharp edges near the tip. John Bockstoce, in his analysis of Pitt River Museum (Oxford) artifacts collected by William Beechey and Edward Belcher from northwesterrn Alaska in 1827 & 27 descibes Eskimo arrow piles very similar to this one, although this one is a bit (2 cm) longer than his. Almost surely arrows with this size point were used to hunt caribou. Bocstoce cites Vilhjalmur Steffanson who noted that with their sinew backed bows, these hunters could drive an arrow through the body of a Caribou at ranges of about 100 yards. Eskimo lore holds that when struck by an arrow, the caribou will often simply lie down and quietly bleed out, making the bow a more effective weapon than a firearm. Indeed, this pile differs from the walrus ivory ones shown by Bockstoce in that it has been made with two long grooves on one side of the point, and one on the other, that pass from the barb back to the base of the pile. These are probably blood grooves to enhance the hemorrhage factor of the weapon. There is a lateral curve in this pile, almost certainly due to the drying of the material over time. Almost surely of 19th century construction, this is wonderful example of an old tool! Fine.